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    Date: 2022-10-02 13:54:16.044627


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    Date: 2022-11-04 13:09:45.317120


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    Date: 2022-11-04 14:38:56.815015

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INQUIRY ON FILING A CASE - Sudden Cancellation of Agreement

Requested from PAO by L. BANA at 01:54 PM on Oct 02, 2022.
Purpose: Seek help and I want to know if I can file a case to my seller
Date of Coverage: 07/05/2022 - 09/30/2022
Tracking no: #PAO-683810549388

BANA 01:54 PM, Oct 02, 2022

Hi I would like to seek help I want to file a case against my seller. We agree to processes the acquisition of their property “Vacant Lot” though bank financing we never agree on any timeline. The they have a sudden change of heart and cancelling the transaction without informing me of what and why abouts so sudden after  informing them that we got the approval of the Bank’s Letter of guaranty and paying for processing fees for requirements and bank’s charges.

PAO 01:09 PM, Nov 04, 2022

November 4, 2022

Dear Ms. Bana,

Thank you for your request dated Oct 02, 2022 under Executive Order No. 2 (s. 2016) on Freedom of Information in the Executive Branch, for INQUIRY ON FILING A CASE - Sudden Cancellation of Agreement.

We received your request on Oct 02, 2022 and will respond on or before Oct 21, 2022 01:54:16 PM, in accordance with the Executive Order's implementing rules and regulations.

Should you have any questions regarding your request, kindly contact me using the reply function on the eFOI portal at, for request with ticket number #PAO-683810549388.

Thank you.


FOI Officer

PAO 02:38 PM, Nov 04, 2022

November 4, 2022


Please be informed that, the mandate of the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) is “to represent, free of charge, indigents, and other persons qualified for legal assistance in all civil, criminal, labor, administrative and other quasi-judicial cases where, after due evaluation, it is determined that the interest of justice will be served thereby.”

Considering the complexity of your concern, the need to further obtain information regarding the same, and the necessity to study the pertinent pieces of evidence relative to the issues at hand, we advise you to immediately and personally consult with a private lawyer so that your situation can be discussed in more detail.

However, if you are unable to afford a private lawyer, our Office may help you provided that you qualify for our free legal services.

The qualifications before an applicant may be accepted as a client of PAO are the Indigency and Merit Tests as provided for by Republic Act No. 9406, or the PAO Law, in relation to 2021 Revised PAO Operations Manual.

Under the Indigency Test, the applicant must show that his/her individual net income does not exceed the following:

“1. If residing in cities or municipalities within the National Capital Region (NCR), persons whose individual net income does not exceed Twenty-four Thousand Pesos (₱24,000.00) a month;

2. If residing in other cities outside the NCR, persons whose individual net income does not exceed Twenty-two Thousand Pesos (₱22,000.00) a month; and

 3. If residing in municipalities outside the NCR, persons whose individual net income does not exceed Twenty Thousand Pesos (₱20,000.00) a month.”

The term “income” shall not include the pension received by retirees.

The term “net income” as herein employed, shall be understood to refer to the basic income of the litigant less statutory and authorized deductions.

“Statutory deductions” shall refer to withholding taxes, Government Services Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), PAG-IBIG, Health Insurance and PhilHealth premiums, loan amortizations, and other deductions of similar nature, duly supported by written contracts.  

“Authorized deductions” shall be understood to include all deductions as reflected in the pay slip, as well as other deductions with the expressed written consent of the employee and in agreement with the employer, and all other deductions that can be substantiated by the employee.

In case the client derives income from activities and transactions where no employer-employee relationship exists, net income shall refer to gross income less allowable deductions as defined under Sections 32 and 34 of the National Internal Revenue Code and related issuances.

          For purposes of this Section, ownership of land shall not, per se, constitute a ground for disqualification of an applicant for free legal assistance, in view of the ruling in Juan Enaje vs. Victorio Ramos, et al. (G.R. No. L-22109, January 30, 1970) that the determinative factor for indigency is the income of the litigant and not his ownership of real property.”  

Furthermore, the applicant shall be required to execute an Affidavit of Indigency and to submit any of the following documents:

“1)	Latest Income Tax Return or pay slip, or other proofs of net income; or, 

2.	Certificate of Indigency from the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), or the City/Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office having jurisdiction over the residence of the applicant; or, 

3.	Certificate of Indigency and/or No Income from the Office of the Punong Barangay/Barangay Chairperson having jurisdiction over the residence of the applicant

Public Attorneys and personnel shall exercise prudence in ascertaining the indigency qualification of an applicant to avoid suspicion of assisting disqualified clients”

Under the Merit Test, “- A case shall be considered meritorious if an assessment of the law and evidence on hand discloses that the legal services of the office will assist, be in aid of, or be in furtherance of justice, taking into consideration the interests of the parties, and those of society.”

If you are qualified for our free legal services in accordance with the above-mentioned requirements, you may visit our district office nearest your residence, which is usually located in the Hall of Justice of every city or municipality. Kindly bring with you the documents pertinent to your problem and proof of your indigency

You may also call our Office using the following numbers: (02) 8929-9436, (02) 84262801, (02) 84262450, or (02) 84262987.

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