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    Date: 2023-05-11 12:04:40.515769


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    Date: 2023-05-11 12:11:19.008118


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    Date: 2023-05-11 13:52:31.027298

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Personal Concern

Requested from PAO by C. Limo at 12:04 PM on May 11, 2023.
Purpose: Personal Concern
Date of Coverage: 05/11/2023 - 05/11/2023
Tracking no: #PAO-296193210101

Limo 12:04 PM, May 11, 2023

Magandang araw po!

Gusto ko lang po sana magtanong tungkol dito:
1. Kapag po ba namatay ang nakapangalan sa franchise ng tricycle at kailangan na mailipat sa ibang tao ang pangalan nito, kailangan po ba na mapapirmahan sa pamilya ng namayapa ang isang kasunduan na pumapayag sila na mailipat sa iba ang pangalan ng franchise ng motor?
2. Kung sakali po na kailangan ng lagda ng kapamilya ng namayapa, pero hindi sila nakalagda dahil pinaasikaso  nalang nung gustong umangkin ng tricycle, may nalabag po ba sila na policy (?) ano po kaya ang possible na gawin?

Thank you po sana po masagot.

PAO 12:11 PM, May 11, 2023

May 11, 2023

Dear Christine Joy,

Thank you for your request dated May 11, 2023 under Executive Order No. 2 (s. 2016) on Freedom of Information in the Executive Branch, for Personal Concern.

We received your request on May 11, 2023 and will respond on or before Jun 01, 2023 12:04:40 PM, in accordance with the Executive Order's implementing rules and regulations.

Should you have any questions regarding your request, kindly contact me using the reply function on the eFOI portal at, for request with ticket number #PAO-296193210101.

Thank you.


FOI Officer

PAO 01:52 PM, May 11, 2023

May 11, 2023

Dear Christine Joy Limo,


This is in relation to your query dated 11 May 2023 seeking legal advice.

Please be informed that, the mandate of the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) is “to represent, free of charge, indigents, and other persons qualified for legal assistance in all civil, criminal, labor, administrative and other quasi-judicial cases where, after due evaluation, it is determined that the interest of justice will be served thereby.” 

We advise you to immediately and personally consult with a private lawyer so that your situation can be discussed in more detail. If you are unable to afford a private lawyer, our Office may help you provided that you qualify for our free legal services.

The qualifications before an applicant may be accepted as a client of PAO are the Indigency and Merit Tests as provided for by Republic Act No. 9406, or the PAO Law, in relation to 2021 Revised PAO Operations Manual.

Under the Indigency Test, the applicant must show that his/her individual net income does not exceed the following:

“1. If residing in cities or municipalities within the National Capital Region (NCR), persons whose individual net income does not exceed Twenty-four Thousand Pesos (₱24,000.00) a month;

2. If residing in other cities outside the NCR, persons whose individual net income does not exceed Twenty-two Thousand Pesos (₱22,000.00) a month; and

 3. If residing in municipalities outside the NCR, persons whose individual net income does not exceed Twenty Thousand Pesos (₱20,000.00) a month.”

The term “income” shall not include the pension received by retirees.

The term “net income” as herein employed, shall be understood to refer to the basic income of the litigant less statutory and authorized deductions.

“Statutory deductions” shall refer to withholding taxes, Government Services Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), PAG-IBIG, Health Insurance and PhilHealth premiums, loan amortizations, and other deductions of similar nature, duly supported by written contracts.  

“Authorized deductions” shall be understood to include all deductions as reflected in the pay slip, as well as other deductions with the expressed written consent of the employee and in agreement with the employer, and all other deductions that can be substantiated by the employee.

In case the client derives income from activities and transactions where no employer-employee relationship exists, net income shall refer to gross income less allowable deductions as defined under Sections 32 and 34 of the National Internal Revenue Code and related issuances.

          For purposes of this Section, ownership of land shall not, per se, constitute a ground for disqualification of an applicant for free legal assistance, in view of the ruling in Juan Enaje vs. Victorio Ramos, et al. (G.R. No. L-22109, January 30, 1970) that the determinative factor for indigency is the income of the litigant and not his ownership of real property.”   

To ensure that only those qualified shall be extended free regular representation in court and quasi-judicial bodies, and to aid in determining the nature of the deductions, the applicant shall be required to execute an Affidavit of lndigency, and submit any of the following documents:

1)	Latest Income Tax Return or pay slip, or other proofs of net income; or,

2)	Certificate of Indigency from the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), or the City/Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office having jurisdiction over the residence of the applicant; or,

3)	Certificate of Indigency and/or No Income from the Office of the Punong Barangay/Barangay Chairperson having jurisdiction over the residence of the applicant.

Public Attorneys and personnel shall exercise prudence in ascertaining the indigency qualification of an applicant to avoid any suspicion of assisting disqualified clients.

Under the Merit Test, “a case shall be considered meritorious if an assessment of the law and evidence on hand discloses that the legal services of the PAO will assist, or be in aid of or in the furtherance of justice, taking into consideration the interests of the party and those of society.” 

If you are qualified for our free legal services in accordance with the above-mentioned requirements, you or your representative may visit our district office nearest your residence, which is usually located in the Hall of Justice of every city or municipality. Kindly bring with you the documents pertinent to your problem and proof of your indigency
You may also call our Office using the following numbers: (02) 8929-9436, (02) 84262801, (02) 84262450, or (02) 84262987.

Thank you.

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