The Freedom of Information (FOI) Program is the Government’s response to the call for transparency and full public disclosure of information. FOI is a government mechanism that allows Filipino citizens to request any information about government transactions and operations, provided that it does not jeopardize privacy or matters of national security.
The FOI mechanism for the Executive Branch is enabled via Executive Order No. 2, Series of 2016.
The Freedom of Information (FOI) Program is the Government’s response to the call for transparency and full public disclosure of information. FOI is a government mechanism that allows Filipino citizens to request any information about government transactions and operations, provided that it shall not put into jeopardy – privacy and matters of national security.
The FOI rules and exceptions also apply to the eFOI platform.
Executive Order (EO) No. 2, s. 2016 is the enabling order for FOI. EO 2 operationalizes in the Executive Branch the People’s Constitutional right to information. EO 2 also provides the State policies to full public disclosure and transparency in the public service.
EO 2 is an important enabling mechanism to promote transparency in the government's administrative process. Through FOI, citizens are empowered to make a formal request to get information held by the government, barring certain sensitive and important data related to the nation's security. FOI complements continuing proactive information disclosure efforts where agencies are duty-bound to publish information in the spirit of openness and transparency.
FOI is an integral element of President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s Good Governance Plan aligned to reforms and initiatives that pursue greater transparency, accountability, and citizen participation in governance. EO 2 was signed by the President on July 23, 2016.
The Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO) oversees the implementation and operationalization of the FOI Program pursuant to Memorandum Order No. 10, s. 2016 issued by the Office of the Executive Secretary. PCOO serves as the coordinator of all government agencies to ensure that the FOI Program is properly implemented.
Any Filipino citizen can make an FOI Request. As a matter of policy, requestors are required to present proof of identification.
Information, official records, public records, and, documents and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions – as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development.
An FOI request under EO 2 can be made before all government offices under the Executive Branch, including Government -Owned and/or -Controlled Corporations (GOCCs) and State Universities and Colleges (SUCs).
FOI requests must be sent to the specific agency of interest, to be received by its respective Receiving Officer.
The request process slightly varies depending on which platform is used.
Like the paper-based FOI platform, requests made through the eFOI platform will be automatically sent to the agencies concerned for immediate processing.
You will be required to create an eFOI account. Through this account, you will see a dashboard of your FOI requests, and the results of your FOI requests.
eFOI Requestors must create/log in to his/her account:
Yes, the People’s FOI Manual is designed for the general public to guide them in making FOI requests. A People’s FOI Manual should include the following:
People’s FOI Manual
The People’s FOI Manual is designed for the general public to guide them in making FOI requests. A People’s FOI Manual should include the following:
There are no fees to make a request. But the agency may charge a reasonable fee for necessary costs, including costs of printing, delivery, reproduction and/or photocopying.
You will be receiving a response either granting or denying your request.
If the request is granted, you can expect to receive the documents as an attachment, through the eFOI portal, email, or be requested to collect the documents at the agency you had applied to. If the request is denied, the agency will give an explanation on the denial.
The standard processing time is fifteen (15) working days.
Yes. In some instances, an agency may need more time to review your request and thereby extend the processing time. Under such circumstances, an agency will inform you of an extension, which shallnot be longer than twenty (20) working days.
There is no process by which requests can be expedited. All requests will be reviewed equally on a case-by-case basis and allotted the fifteen (15) working-day processing period from the time of receipt.
If you are not satisfied with the response, you may write an appeal letter to the person or office next higher in authority (or based on the appeals mechanism published on the FOI manual of the agency) within fifteen (15) calendar days from the receipt of such response. The appeal shall be decided within thirty (30) working days by said person or office next higher in authority.
If all administrative remedies are exhausted and no resolution is provided, you may file the appropriate case in the proper courts in accordance with the Rules of Court.
Once deemed valid, your information from your application will be used by the agency you have applied to, to deal with your application as set out in EO 2. If the agency gives you access to a document, and if the document contains no personal information about you, the document will be published online in the agency’s disclosure log, along with your name and the date you applied, and, if another person, company or body will use or benefit from the documents sought, the name of that person, entity, or body.
According to Section 176 of the Intellectual Property Code (RA No. 8293, as amended), no copyright shall subsist in any work of the Government. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for the exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. No prior approval or conditions shall be required for the use of any purpose of statutes, rules and regulations, and speeches, lectures, sermons, addresses, and dissertations, pronounced, read or rendered in the courts of justice, before administrative agencies, in deliberative assemblies and in meetings.