Philippine Institute for Development Studies

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    Date: 2019-02-20 13:02:42.740371

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2009 & 2015 Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities

Requested from PIDS by C. Policarpio at 01:02 PM on Feb 20, 2019.
Purpose: Research paper
Date of Coverage: 01/01/2009 - 12/31/2015
Tracking no: #PIDS-797676378526

Policarpio 01:02 PM, Feb 20, 2019

Hi!

I would like to request for the Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities for years 2009 and 2015.

Thank you so much!

Policarpio 08:42 AM, Feb 26, 2019

Good morning! Sorry to message suddenly, but can i ask for an update for this? Thank you again so much!

Luna 06:54 PM, Feb 28, 2019

February 28, 2019

Dear Charlene,

Thank you for your request dated Feb 20, 2019 under Executive Order No. 2 (s. 2016) on Freedom of Information in the Executive Branch, for 2009 & 2015 Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities.

We received your request on Feb 20, 2019 and will respond on or before Mar 13, 2019 01:02:42 PM, in accordance with the Executive Order's implementing rules and regulations.

Should you have any questions regarding your request, kindly contact me using the reply function on the eFOI portal at https://www.foi.gov.ph/requests/aglzfmVmb2ktcGhyHgsSB0NvbnRlbnQiEVBJRFMtNzk3Njc2Mzc4NTI2DA, for request with ticket number #PIDS-797676378526.

Thank you.

Respectfully,

John Zernan Luna
FOI Officer

Maker 06:58 PM, Feb 28, 2019

February 28, 2019

Dear Charlene Policarpio,

This is in response to your eFOI request dated February 20, 2019, i.e., Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities 2009 and 2015. The 2009 PSIA was conducted by the Department of Science and Technology. Kindly coordinate with the Planning and Evaluation Service of the Department of Science and Technology for access to the 2009 survey results. Please note also that the 2015 data came from a special survey and hence, may be different from the 2009 survey of the DOST. With regard to the 2015 data, please provide the following information to allow us to assist you better:

1.	Background of the study 
Please Include specific objectives/purpose of the study, how the requested data will be used, and affiliation and partner agencies for the study (if any).

2.	Specific variables/information needed.

During the period of us awaiting your reply, your request will be put on hold. If we do not receive a reply on or before May 23, 2019 10:55:15 AM, your request will be closed.

We hope to hear from you at the soonest possible time.

Thank you.

Respectfully,

FOI Decision Maker
FOI Officer

Policarpio 02:50 PM, Mar 03, 2019

Good afternoon!

May I ask what the specific variables are so I can tell you which one I need?

I will reply at the soonest time possible. Thank you so much!

Policarpio 02:47 PM, Mar 05, 2019

Good afternoon!

The following are copy pasted from our background and methodology. We do not expect to receive all the variables since we do not know what variables the survey used but we would still like to receive what the survey has so we could adjust our study accordingly.

Thank you so much again and sorry for the hassle and late response!

"Background:

Technological innovation is vital to enhancing productivity and reducing poverty in many developing countries such as in the Philippines. This is important especially with the integration of the Philippines in the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2025, with its goal to be a “highly integrated and cohesive; competitive, innovative and dynamic” community (ASEAN, 2015). The Philippine government has engaged in the adoption of this trend as well, with policies that promote innovation and research & development (R&D) activities. Legislations such as the RA 7459 have provided incentivized packaged to encourage the development of inventions and facilitate their commercial application.

Despite government incentives, however, many manufacturing industries are still behind in pursuing R&D, with multiple firms still lacking in experience and organization to utilize the capabilities of technological innovation for competitive advantage (Cororaton, 2002). For example, firms experience cost factors, knowledge factors or market factors which become barriers to innovation. As well as that, other factors such as regulation laws, industry leaders in innovation, and the support of external organizations towards R&D is taken into consideration.

Methodology and variables:

The data that the researchers will be utilizing will be from 2015 Survey on Innovation Activities of Establishments. The Survey of Innovation Activities of Establishments is a survey that the Philippine Statistics Authority and the Philippines Institute of Development Studies. This survey aims to document the behavior of firms when it comes to innovative activities. It captures this data per firm, and its employment, capital participation, its processes, and innovations, among others.

The research will be based on Becker and Dietz’s (2004) models. This involves using the Tobit model, the General Least Squares model, and the Ordered Probit model. Since this study aims to see the effects of R&D cooperation with external factors, there will be two dependent variables that will be R&D intensity and the realization of product innovations. R&D intensity will measure how much a firm will invest in its R&D activities. As for realization of product innovations, it will be a binary outcome variable, with “1” as the indication that the firm realizes its product innovations, and “0” for otherwise.

The factors that will be considered in determining the dependent variables, as mentioned before, will compose of external and some internal factors, which are enumerated below, along with their explanations:

1. R&D cooperation with other firms and/or institutions
-Binary: “1” if R&D cooperation in 2015, and “0” if otherwise
2. Number of partners in R&D cooperation
-“0” if no partners, “1” if one to three partners, “2” if four to six partners, and “3” if seven or more
3. Barriers to innovation activities (cost)
-Cost and risk level of innovation activities (factor scores)
4. Barriers to innovation activities (government intervention)
-Government intervention (factor scores)
5. Barriers to innovation activities (market and demand conditions)
-Market impulse and demand condition (factor scores)
6. Barriers to innovation activities (technological capacity within the firm)
-Internal technological capacity (factor score)
7. Barriers to innovation activities (financial capability)
-Financial restriction (factor score)
8. Firm’s way of protecting its innovation
-Firm-specific mechanism to protect innovation (factor score)
9. Protecting innovations by law
-Mechanisms to protect innovations by law (factor scores)
10. Firm size
-Sales in log
11. Technological opportunity with customers and competitors
-Customers and competitors (factor score)
12. Technological opportunity with academic and scientific institutions
-University and scientific institutions (factor score)"

Maker 05:39 PM, Mar 07, 2019

March 7, 2019

Dear Charlene Policarpio,

I refer to my letter of Feb 20, 2019 01:02:42 PM; about your request under Executive Order No. 2 (s. 2016) on Freedom of Information in the Executive Branch, for 2009 & 2015 Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities.

Our response to your request is due on Mar 13, 2019 01:02:42 PM. Unfortunately, it is taking longer than expected to deal with your request as we need to prepare the necessary information. 

I apologize for this delay but have applied for an extension so we could work further on your request. We hope to be able to send you a response on or before Apr 10, 2019 01:02:42 PM.

Should you have any questions regarding your request, kindly contact me using the reply function on the eFOI portal at https://pcoomaster09252017150000-dot-efoi-ph.appspot.com/requests/aglzfmVmb2ktcGhyHgsSB0NvbnRlbnQiEVBJRFMtNzk3Njc2Mzc4NTI2DA, for request with ticket number #PIDS-797676378526.

Thank you.

Respectfully,

FOI Decision Maker
FOI Officer

Policarpio 10:11 PM, Mar 07, 2019

Good evening!

Would it be better if I visit PIDS to collect the data or to verify which variables I need? My research paper is due within 2-3 weeks and if I'm not able to get the data for this, it would be better for me to change topics as early as next week.

Thank you so much for your response!

Maker 05:50 PM, Mar 13, 2019

March 13, 2019

Dear Charlene Policarpio,

I refer to my letter of Feb 20, 2019 01:02:42 PM about your request under Executive Order No. 2 (s. 2016) on Freedom of Information in the Executive Branch, for 2009 & 2015 Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities.

In order for us to work further on your request and to give you an idea on how the data/information is collected, we are sending you the attached 2015 Innovations Survey Questionnaire. Kindly identify the information/variable that you need so we can assist you further. 

At this point we would also like to direct you to the People’s FOI Manual in the Transparency Seal of our website as there are information that we won’t be able to provide. Please note that we are also limited to the Data Sharing Agreement we have with concerned agencies, depending on the information that you’ll be needing. 

You may use the reply function on the eFOI portal at https://www.foi.gov.ph/requests/aglzfmVmb2ktcGhyHgsSB0NvbnRlbnQiEVBJRFMtNzk3Njc2Mzc4NTI2DA, for request with ticket number #PIDS-797676378526, to respond.

During the period of us awaiting your reply, your request will be put on hold. If we do not receive a reply on or before Jun 05, 2019 09:46:36 AM, your request will be closed.

We hope to hear from you at the soonest possible time.

Thank you.

Respectfully,

FOI Decision Maker
FOI Officer

Attachments:
 2015 SIA questionnaire.pdf

Policarpio 11:08 AM, Mar 14, 2019

Good morning!

I will let you know within the day.

Thank you!

Policarpio 04:00 PM, Mar 14, 2019

Good afternoon!

We have read and understood the People's FOI Manual with regards to the Transparency Seal. We would like to let you know that we do not need the identity of the firms; we just need their responses. For transparency purposes of our research, our econometric model will utilize these variables(depending on the information you give us, we will change the model to fit the new or lacking information):

	Dependent variables
	-R&D_INT - R&D intensity (log of R&D expenditure to sales)
	-COOP - whether the firms cooperated or not

	Independent variables
	-Appropriability conditions
	   -How firm protects its R&D
	   -How law protects the firm's R&D
	-Barriers to innovation
	   -cost and risk of innovation activities
	   -market impulse and demand conditions
	   -firm's financial restriction
	   -government intervention
	   -firm's technological capacity
	-Importance of technological opportunity
	   -technological opportunity with suppliers
	   -technological opportunity with customers and competitors
	   -technological opportunity with academic and scientific institutions
	 -Number of R&D cooperators
	 -profitability of R&D
	 -market share of company
	 -how other firms react to the market share of the firm
 
 In line with above, we would like to request the following information from the 2015 SIA:
 
	 5. A. 1. Goods
	 5. A. 2. Services
	 5. B. 1. Was the product innovation new to the market of this establishment?
	 5. B. 2. Was the product innovation new only to this establishment?
	 
	 important:
	 5. D. Gross sales in Php
	 5. E. 1. Percentage of gross sales of product innovation new to the market of this establishment
	 5. E. 2. Percentage of gross sales of product innovation new to this establishment
	 5. E. 3. Percentage of gross sales of product innovation unchanged or marginally modified in 2015
	 5. E. 4. Total of 1-3
	 *If you are hesitating to give us the information for 5.E.1-3, 5.E.4. is enough
	 
	 important:
	 6. A. 1. Did the establishment introduce new or significantly improved methods of manufacturing or producing goods and/or services?
	 6. A. 2. Did the establishment introduce new or significantly improved logistics, delivery, or distribution?
	 6. A. 3. Did the establishment introduce new or significantly supporting activities for its processes, such as maintenance systems or operations for purchasing, accounting, or computing?
	 *Also the firms that answered no to 6.A.1-3
	 
	 important:
	 8. A. 1. Expenditure of in-house R&D
	 8. A. 2. Expenditure of outsourced R&D
	 8. A. 3. Expenditure of acquisition of machinery, equipment, and software
	 8. A. 4. Expenditure of acquisition of external knowledge
	 8. A. 5. Expenditure of other innovation activities including design, training, marketing, and other relevant activities
	 8. A. 6. Total expenditure of 1-5
	 *If you are hesitating to give us the information for 8.A.1-5, 8.A.6. is enough
	 
	 important:
	 8.C.1-3. Did the establishment receive public financial support for innovation activities from the local, national, or foreign government?
	 
	 important:
	 9. A. 1. a. Did the establishment engage in internal innovation activities? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 2. a. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with suppliers of equipment, materials, components, or software? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 2. b. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with clients or customers? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 2. c. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with competitors or other establishments in its sector? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 2. d. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with consultants, commercial laboratories, or private R&D institutes? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 3. a. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with universities or other higher education institutions? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 3. b. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with government or public research institutes? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 4. a. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with conferences, trade fairs, exhibitions? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 4. b. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with scientific journals and trade/technical publications? What is the degree of importance?
	 9. A. 4. c. Did the establishment engage in innovation activities with professional and industry associations? What is the degree of importance?
	 
	 important:
	 9. B. Did this establishment cooperate with other establishments or non-commercial institutions on any of its innovation activities?
	 
	 important:
	 9. B. C. 1-8 Just to determine how many cooperation partners the establishment had in 2015
	 
	 11. A. 1-3. Did the establishment abandon or delay its innovation activity?
	 
	 important
	 11. B. 1. a. Degree of importance of cost factors of lack of funds within this establishment or enterprise
	 11. B. 1. b. Degree of importance of cost factors of lack of funds from outside sources
	 11. B. 1. c. Degree of importance of cost factors of expensive innovation costs
	 11. B. 2. a. Degree of importance of knowledge factors of lack of qualified personnel
	 11. B. 2. b. Degree of importance of knowledge factors of lack of information on technology
	 11. B. 2. c. Degree of importance of knowledge factors of lack of information on markets
	 11. B. 2. d. Degree of importance of knowledge factors of difficulty in finding cooperation partners for innovation
	 11. B. 3. a. Degree of importance of market factors of market dominated by established enterprises
	 11. B. 3. b. Degree of importance of market factors of uncertain demand for innovative goods or services
	 
	 important:
	 12. A. 1-7. Did the establishment apply for any of the intellectual property protection instruments?
	 *Also firms that answered no in 12. A. 1-7
	 12. B. 1-7. How important was it in the decision of the establishment to innovate?
	 12. C. 1-3. What were the reasons the firm did not choose to apply for intellectual property protection?
	 
	 important:
	 18. B. Has the establishment availed of any government support or assistance in its innovation activity since 01/2015?
	 *Also the firms that answered no in 18.B.
	 
	 18. C. 1-12. Degree of importance of government support programs for its innovations during 2015

Once again, thank you so much for accommodating us!

Maker 03:16 PM, Apr 04, 2019

April 4, 2019

Dear Charlene Policarpio,

Greetings!

Thank you for your request dated Feb 20, 2019 01:02:42 PM under Executive Order No. 2 (s. 2016) on Freedom of Information in the Executive Branch.

Your Request

You asked for 2009 & 2015 Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities.

Response to Request

With regard to your request for the data of 2009, please be informed that PIDS does not own the data and therefore cannot provide it. We would like to refer you to the Department of Science and Technology for this request. 

On the other hand, your request for the data of the 2015 Philippine Survey of Innovation Activities, which was conducted has been approved.

I attach the following to provide you the said information you requested:
-	Anonymized SIA 2015 Data Set (Stata Format)
-	Anonymized SIA 2015 Data Set (Excel Format)
-	SIA 2015 Questionnaire 
-	SIA 2015 Manual of Operations

Your right to request a review

If you are unhappy with this response to your FOI request, you may ask us to carry out an internal review of the response by writing to Dr. Celia M. Reyes through email address pids-op@mail.pids.gov.ph. Your review request should explain why you are dissatisfied with this response, and should be made within 15 calendar days from the date when you received this letter. We will complete the review and tell you the result within 30 calendar days from the date when we receive your review request.

If you are not satisfied with the result of the review, you then have the right to appeal to the Office of the President under Administrative Order No. 22 (s. 2011).

Thank you.

Respectfully,

FOI Decision Maker
FOI Receiving Officer

Attachments:
 SIA2015_FOI.DTA

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